Proaktívne zvládanie záťaže u pacientov s ischemickou chorobou srdca
Andrea Solgajová, Gabriela Vӧrӧsová, Tomáš Sollár, Dana Zrubcová, Rastislav Rosinský
Abstract: Background: Proactive coping belongs to adaptive types of coping strategies to stressful events and is oriented on maintaining or raising quality of life. Proactive behaviours can help individuals in strengthening their psychosocial adaptation, including adaptation to situation of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD).
Objective: Differences in proactive coping in patients with IHD according to gender and relationships of proactive coping to age and personality of patients with IHD are studied.
Methods: The sample consisted of 30 respondents diagnosed with ICHS (I20 – I25), of which 14 were women and 16 men. The average age was 61.07 years. Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI) and the Mini International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (Mini IPIP) were used to assess the proactive coping and personality traits. The research was approved by the ethics committee of the hospital.
Results: Differences in proactive coping strategies between men and women were found with higher use in men. Higher age correlates with lower proactive coping in patients with IHD. Proactive coping is related to higher Emotional stability, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness.
Implications: In the care process, it is necessary to know the ability to adapt to the disease and ways of managing it. Proactive behavior is more typical for patients with different personalities, age and gender. Supporting this kind of behaviors can help patients with IHD in raising their quality of life.
Keywords: Proactive coping. Age. Personality. Gender. Ischemic Heart Disease.
Pages: 55 – 63
Source: Pomáhajúce profesie, 2018, vol. 1, issue 1, pp. 55-63 (PDF)