Úloha sestry v prostredí školy

Ľuboslava Pavelová, Erika Krištofová, Jozefína Mesárošová, Andrea Solgajová

Abstract: The study objective was to find out the pupils’ opinion on health-related educational activities in the areas of health, marriage, parenthood, and sex education. To find out the primary school pupils and teachers’ opinions on the role of the nurse in school settings, her competences and cooperation with other professionals. A non-standardised self-constructed questionnaire was given to 284 respondents. The first sample consisted of 219 pupils aged from ten to 14 years; the second sample consisted of 65 primary school teachers. To analyse the relationships between the responses, we used the two-sample t-test and the chi-square test of independence. Social networks and friends were significant resources of obtaining information for the pupils, and they considered a school nurse an independent, suitable professional for implementation of health education. Both the pupils and teachers were positive about the implementation of the post of school nurse, but the observed differences were not statistically significant ( = 0.05; 2 = 2.58; p = 0.108). The teachers considered the cooperation with the school nurse significant, particularly in prevention of injuries, administration of medicaments to chronically-ill children, and the activities focused on emotional support of health in pupils; however, they considered sex education of little importance. As the most significant roles of the school nurse, the girls selected education and counselling on healthy eating (AM 2.8) and the boys selected sex education (AM 2.5) and addiction prevention. The study supported the significance of the post of school nurse in school settings, for pupils in older school age also in the area of sex education. The teachers perceived the significance of her post in educational activities focused on the areas of general health-related educational prevention.

Keywords: nurse, primary school, nursing, health education, sex education
Pages: 28 – 38
Doi: 10.17846/PP.2018.1.2.28-38
Source: Pomáhajúce profesie, 2018, vol. 1, issue 2, pp.  (PDF)
Language: Slovak